Castles in Wales

Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country in Europe and in Pembrokeshire we have more than our fair share, the foremost of which is Pembroke Castle, famed for being the birthplace of Henry VII. Apart from castles and forts located at strategic points, there are castles running broadly south east to north west across the county in what is known as the Landsker line.


To the north of the Landsker people spoke mainly in Welsh while those below the line spoke predominantly in English, hence the nickname ‘Little England beyond Wales’ given to the southern part of Pembrokeshire.  Interestingly, to this day it is far more common to hear Welsh spoken as the everyday language in the north of the county.

Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle is one of Wales’ leading heritage attractions and a site of international significance. Located at the heart of the capital, within beautiful parklands, the Castle has nearly 2,000 years of history just waiting to be explored.


It all started in the 1st century AD by the Romans who built the first in a series of forts. In the 11th century, the Normans constructed the Keep that still dominates the Castle Green to this day. The medieval Lords of Glamorgan began work on the House during the 15th century.


The Bute family left their mark on the entire city in the 19th century, they also transformed the House into the opulent Victorian Gothic home it is today. During World War II the walls which surround the Castle were used as air raid shelters; a place of safety for thousands of Cardiff citizens. A reconstruction of the shelters has been opened for visitors to explore.

More wonderful castles to explore in Wales

With over 600 castles, wherever you go on holiday in Wales you won’t be too far from a historic site. If you don’t have time to visit every single one, you can find a huge selection on the link below.


Visit Wales – Wonderful castles to explore in Wales